Four Fast Facts About Fire
The United States Fire Administration (USFA)
, a division of the Federal
Management Agency (FEMA), believes that fire deaths can be reduced by teaching
people the basic facts about fire. Below are some simple facts from the USFA .
Fire is FAST!
There is little time!
- In less than 30 seconds a small flame can get completely out of control
and turn into a major fire. It only takes minutes for thick black smoke to
fill a house. In minutes, a house can be engulfed in flames. Most fires occur
in the home when people are asleep. If you wake up to a fire, you won't have
time to grab valuables because fire spreads too quickly and the smoke is too
thick. There is only time to escape.
Fire is HOT!
Heat is more threatening than flames.
- A fire's heat alone can kill. Room temperatures in a fire can be 100 degrees
at floor level and rise to 600 degrees at eye level. Inhaling this super hot
air will scorch your lungs. This heat can melt clothes to your skin. In five
minutes a room can get so hot that everything in it ignites at once: this
is called flashover.
Fire is DARK!
Fire isn't bright, it's pitch black.
- Fire starts bright, but quickly produces black smoke and complete darkness.
If you wake up to a fire you may be blinded, disoriented and unable to find
your way around the home you've lived in for years.
Fire is DEADLY!
Smoke and toxic gases kill more people than flames do.
- Fire uses up the oxygen you need and produces smoke and poisonous gases
that kill. Breathing even small amounts of smoke and toxic gases can make
you drowsy, disoriented and short of breath. The odorless, colorless fumes
can lull you into a deep sleep before the flames reach your door. You may
not wake up in time to escape.